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Invert Sugar Syrup: Not good for bees!

2012 April 19
by Chelsea

A reader email last week prompted me to go back over some of my notes from BeeMasters to talk about toxic sugar syrup. Unfortunately, my notes on our reader’s particular question (on stored syrup) were insufficient, so I’ll have to do a bit more work before we get to that.

In the meantime, I did want to write about another kind of potentially bad syrup; liquid invert sugar produced by acid hydrolysis. This is a syrup that is produced by adding a weak acid (i.e. lemon juice) to sugar syrup to break it down into simpler sugars (fructose and glucose). Some beekeepers do this in the hopes that it will make the syrup easier for the bees to take up and digest. Honey, after all, is made up of fructose and glucose, not sucrose.

Invert sugar made with lemon juice: not for bees!

I don’t want to inadvertantly misquote or misinterpret the science-y part, so here’s a direct quote from our course notes (emphasis is same as in the notes) :

Liquid invert sugar syrups or HFCS produced by acid hydrolysis are NOT recommended for feeding bees because they often contain a by-product known as hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). HMF causes gut ulceration and mortality in bees. Often, acid hydrolyzed sugar syrups appear yellow or golden in colour.

In another part of our notes, it says that “…long term survival is greater with sucrose than inverted sugar products.” (no direct reference given to the source of this particular assertion; there is a bibliography for the whole section of notes in my course material – send me an email if you want the list of all the sources)

So, although there are¬†recommendations¬†and instructions all over the internet about feeding invert sugar to your bees, it’s not something we will be doing or¬†recommending!

5 Responses leave one →
  1. M.Radhakrishna permalink
    May 16, 2012

    Is the Sharbat ROOHAFZA, made with 80ml of invert sugar per 100ml of the sharabat, good for human consumption in hot summer? M/S Hamdard (Wakf) Labs of IMT Maneser, Gurgaon, Haryana sell this for making into cool drink for consumption in hot summer. I am presently using it that way in summer. I am a very senior citizen and so I want your considered advice as to whether I can take it regularly in hot summer or not?
    I get this doubt because you say that Invert Syrup Sugar is bad for bees.

    • Chelsea permalink*
      May 17, 2012

      Hey there,

      Honeybee digestive systems are very different from human digestive systems. We don’t seem to have any problem dealing with invert sugar in our bodies, so I don’t see why this drink would cause any problems because of it!

      • Judy permalink
        March 25, 2015

        Uh, High Fuctose Corn Syup is horrible for humans! It fools your mind into thinking the body is hungry. We want more, eat more, crave more and get obese.

        • Jeff permalink
          April 28, 2015

          Judy, After I read your reply, my first thought was: “Interesting, I hadn’t realized how similar High Fructose Corn Syrup is to Capitalism.”

  2. Judy permalink
    March 25, 2015

    I wouldn’t do anything against what Randy Oliver says at He does a lot of his own research.

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